Nature of the disability
The nature of the disability of workers in sheltered employment is rarely studied. The few figures available reveal marked differences. In Argentina, for example, some 90 per cent of workers in the sector have a mental impairment; likewise, in Australia, over 85 per cent have a mental or psychological impairment.
But in Sweden, only 33 per cent are mentally or psychologically impaired, and 26 per cent in Norway; just 16 per cent are mentally impaired in the United Kingdom. The percentage of persons with a physical impairment is about 50 per cent in Sweden but only 7 per cent in the centres in France and Australia.